Migraine Headache


What’s a migraine headache?

  • Throbbing and painful, migraine headaches can range from moderate to severe in intensity. Movement, light, sounds or smell can make them worse, and they may come with nausea, vomiting, vision problems, and sensitivity to sounds and light.
  • Migraines are much more intense and painful than ordinary tension headaches.
  • They may last from 4 to 72 hours and can disrupt your life.

What causes migraine?

  • During a migraine, the blood vessels in your head narrow and widen, causing pain. Physical or mental stress or certain foods may trigger a migraine.
  • But the exact cause isn’t known.

What are the symptoms of a migraine?

  • Intense, throbbing pain on one or both sides of head. Some people see zigzags or flashes of light.
  • Tingling or numbness on one side of body and trouble speaking.
  • Loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting.
  • Feeling of tenderness in head and neck.
  • Sensitivity to light and sounds.

How are migraine diagnosed?

  • No test can diagnose migraines, so healthcare provider ask about symptoms and he may order tests, such as x-rays and CT-scan, to rule out other causes of headaches. If no other cause is found he will make the diagnose on symptoms.

How migraine is treated?

  • Treatment consists of pain medications.
  • Preventive and pain-relieving medication can help to manage migraine headaches.
  • Self care: stress management, improved sleep habits, avoid migraine triggers and diet modification.
  • Medications: antipsychotics, analgesics, nerve pain medication, triptan, NSAIDS.
  • Therapies: progressive muscle relaxation and acupuncture.
  • What can do to prevent migraines?
  • Change your diet, don’t skip meal, but avoid foods that may trigger migraines.
  • Develop good sleep habits.
  • Take medicine as prescribed.
  • Reduce stress in your life, regularly practice relaxation technique such as yoga, meditation.

Foods which may trigger migraine-

  • Beverages or foods containing caffeine
  • Dairy products
  • Chicken livers and smoked fish
  • MSG (monosodium glutamate)
  • Figs, avocados, onions, bananas
  • Chocolate
  • Nuts and peanut butter
  • Red wine